Although Brazilian nuts are produced in South America, most are exported to Europe, the United States, Canada and Oceania. The fruit without nuts (actually more closely related to a blueberry) in question was once cultivated by a small monopoly in Brazil, but for many years Bolivia has led production. Brazil is second only to the United States in beef exports, and the country's endless herds of cattle demand a lot of space, which has decimated the country's rainforest (almost 20% of the original forest so far). In recent years, several second- and third-tier exporters have outperformed former production centers, resulting in a constantly changing mix of food sources.
But he didn't mention that Colombia's cocaine production has simply been transferred to neighboring countries. The country produces the most tea in the world by far, but it lags far behind countries such as Sri Lanka and Kenya in terms of exports. Half of the world's Brazil nuts come from Bolivia, another 40% more or less come from Brazil and the other 10% from Peru. Efforts to domesticate the Brazilian walnut tree have failed because it depends on a specific species of bees for pollination.
Bolivia, for its part, subsidizes walnut producers in Brazil, both to dissuade them from growing coca leaves and to prevent deforestation. The fluctuation in production affected the price of walnuts in Brazil worldwide, but the effects were most pronounced in the United Kingdom, where prices rose by around 60%. This visualization shows countries that have a significant proportion of their trade related to Brazil nuts, fresh or dried. In fact, Germany is the third largest exporter of Brazilian nuts, although it does not produce any domestically.
Brazilian industry was long monopolized by a single family, whose refusal to pay their farmers more pushed those workers to dedicate themselves to the much more lucrative livestock industry.